HIGH AXLE LOAD
Finally Government of India has announced establishing of the Multi-modal High Axle Load Dedicated Freight Corridor (DFC) between Delhi and Mumbai, covering an overall length of 1483 km and passing through the six States - U.P, NCR of Delhi, Haryana, Rajasthan, Gujarat and Maharashtra, with end terminals at Dadri in the National Capital Region of Delhi and Jawaharlal Nehru Port near Mumbai. Distribution of length of the corridor indicates that Rajasthan (39%) and Gujarat (38%) together constitute 77% of the total length of the alignment of freight corridor, followed by Haryana and Maharashtra 10% each and Uttar Pradesh and National Capital Region of Delhi 1.5 % of total length each. This Dedicated Freight Corridor envisages a high-speed connectivity for High Axle Load Wagons (25 Tonne) of Double Stacked Container Trains supported by high power locomotives. The Delhi-Mumbai leg of the Golden Quadrilateral National Highway also runs almost parallel to the Freight Corridor. This corridor will be equipped with an array of infrastructure facilities such as power facilities, and rail connectivity to ports en route. Approximately 180 million people, 14 percent of the population, will be positively affected by the corridor’s development.
NINE MEGA INDUSTRIAL ZONES
This project incorporates Nine Mega Industrial zones of about 200-250 sq. km each, high- speed freight line, three ports, and six air ports; a six-lane intersection-free expressway connecting the country’s political and financial capitals and a 4000 MW power plant. Several industrial estates and clusters, industrial hubs, with top-of-the-line infrastructure would be developed along this corridor to attract more foreign investment. Funds for the projects would come from the Indian Government, Japanese loans, and investment by Japanese firms and through Japan depository receipts issued by the Indian companies.
This high-speed connectivity between Delhi and Mumbai offers immense opportunities for development of an industrial corridor along the alignment of the connecting infrastructure. A band of 150 km (influence region) has been chosen on both sides of the freight corridor to be developed as the Delhi-Mumbai Industrial Corridor. The vision for DMIC is to create strong economic base in this band with globally competitive environment and state-of-the-art infrastructure to activate local commerce, enhance foreign investments, real-estate investments and attain sustainable development. In addition to the influence region, DMIC would also include development of requisite feeder rail / road connectivity to hinterland / markets and select ports along the western coast.
It is also envisaged that the alignment of the proposed corridor will have nine junction stations for exchange of traffic between the existing railway system and the DFC. The junctions are:
# Vasai Road: To cater to traffic to and from Mumbai, other than J. Nehru Port
# Gothangam: For traffic to and from Hazira Complex, Jalgaon-Udhna
# Makarpura (Vadodara): For traffic to and from Ahmedabad, Vadodara and Vadodara -Godhra Routes
# Amli Road (Sabarmati): For traffic to and from ICD-Sabarmati, Viramgam Sabarmati Route, Ahmedabad, Rajkot and Bhavnagar Divisions of Western Railway
# Palanpur: For traffic to and from Kandla-Mundra Ports and Gandhidham Area
# Marwar Junction: For Traffic to and from Jodhpur area (and
# Phulera: For traffic to and from Jaipur-Tundla and Jaipur-Sawai Madhopur Routes
# Rewari: For traffic to and from Rewari-Hissar-Ludhiana-Bathinda Routes
Pirthala (Tughlakabad): For traffic to and from Tughlakabad (and ICD Tughalakabad)
Delhi-Mumbai Industrial Corridor is to be conceived as a Model Industrial Corridor of international standards with emphasis on expanding the manufacturing and services base and develop DMIC as the 'Global Manufacturing and Trading Hub'. The Government is considering this ambitious project to establish, promote and facilitate Delhi-Mumbai industrial corridor to augment and create social and physical infrastructure on the route which is world class and will help spurring economic growth of the region.
High impact/ market driven nodes - integrated Investment Regions (IRs) and Industrial Areas (IAs) have been identified within the corridor to provide transparent and investment friendly facility regimes. These regions are proposed to be self-sustained industrial townships with world class infrastructure, road and rail connectivity for freight movement to and from ports and logistics hubs, served by domestic and international air connectivity, reliable power, quality social infrastructure, and provide a globally competitive environment conducive for setting up businesses. An Investment Region (IR) would be a specifically delineated industrial region with a minimum area of over 200 square kilometers (20,000 hectares), while an Industrial Area (IA) would be developed with a minimum area of over 100 square kilometers (10,000 hectares). 24 such nodes—9 IRs and 15 IAs spanning across six states—have been identified after wide consultations with the stakeholders, i.e the State Governments and the concerned Central Ministries. While 6 IR and 6 IAs were taken up for implementation in the First Phase during 2008-2012 and rest of the development is being phased out over another four years. The nodes identified for Phase-1 are:
Short listed Investment Regions
# Dadri – Noida - Ghaziabad Investment Region in Uttar Pradesh as General Manufacturing Investment Region;
# Manesar – Bawal Investment Region in Haryana as Auto Component/ Automobile Investment Region;
# Khushkhera – Bhiwadi – Neemrana Investment Region in Rajasthan as General Manufacturing/ Automobile/ Auto Component Investment Region;
# Pitampura – Dhar – Mhow Investment Region in Madhya Pradesh
# Bharuch – Dahej Investment Region in Gujarat as Petroleum, Chemical and Petro Chemical Investment Region
# Igatpuri – Nashik-Sinnar Investment Region in Maharashtra as General Manufacturing Investment Region;
Short listed Industrial Areas (IAs):
# Meerut – Muzaffarnagar Industrial Area in Uttar Pradesh, Engineering/ Manufacturing;
# Faridabad – Palwal Industrial Area in Haryana, Engineering & Manufacturing;
# Jaipur – Dausa Industrial Area in Rajasthan, Marble/Leather/Textile;
# Neemuch – Nayagaon Industrial Area in Madhya Prdaesh
# Industrial Area with Greenfield Port at Alewadi/ Dighi in Maharashtra, Greenfield Port Based
It is envisaged that a four-tier system, as institutional framework, would be set up for the implementation of DMIC. It constitutes:
# An Apex body, headed by the Finance Minister with concerned Central Ministers and Chief Ministers of respective DMIC States as Members for overall guidance, planning, and approvals;
# A Corporate entity, Delhi Mumbai Industrial Corridor Development Corporation (DMICDC), specially envisaged to coordinate Project Development, Finance and Implementation, headed by a full time CMD and having representation from the central government, state governments and
# A State-level Coordination Entity/ Nodal Agency responsible for coordination between the DMICDC and various state government entities and the project implementing agencies/ special purpose vehicles.
# Project specific special purpose vehicles (SPVs) who would actually implement the projects. These SPVs can be owned by state Governments in terms of governance structure, Board of Directors etc. Some of these SPVs can also be formed by central/state governments and their agencies.
The corridor project is being implemented in two phases namely – Phase-I and Phase-II. An estimated $90 to $100 billion would be required to create the infrastructure in the first phase of the project. Japanese companies are expected to invest over $10 billion in the proposed corridor during the first